Country Bio – Colombia


Tours Offered in Colombia

Our tours for Colombia are listed below.  More tours will be coming online very soon…

Colombia: # 1 Birding Destination on Planet Earth – 13 days

Colombia: Hot Springs, Paramos and Coffee – 9 days

Colombia: Corpus Christi – Photographic Expedition – 16 days

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Colombia, officially known as the Republic of Colombia, is primarily situated in northern South America while also encompassing insular territories in North America. The Colombian mainland is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the north, Venezuela to the east and northeast, Brazil to the southeast, Ecuador and Peru to the south and southwest, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and Panama to the northwest. The nation is divided into 32 departments. The capital, Bogotá, is in the Capital District and serves as the largest city, serving as a central hub for finance and culture. Other significant urban centers include Medellín, Cali, Barranquilla, Cartagena, Santa Marta, Cúcuta, Ibagué, Villavicencio, and Bucaramanga.

Encompassing an area of 1,141,748 square kilometers (440,831 square miles), Colombia has a population of approximately 52 million. Its profound cultural heritage, encompassing language, religion, cuisine, and art, is a testament to its history as a colony. This heritage is a fusion of cultural elements brought by mass immigration from Europe and the Middle East, interwoven with the contributions of the African diaspora, as well as the legacies of Indigenous civilizations predating colonization. Spanish serves as the official language, although recognition is extended to English and 64 other languages on a regional basis.

Colombia has been a home to indigenous peoples and diverse cultures since at least 12,000 BCE. The Spanish first landed in La Guajira in 1499, and by the mid-16th century, they had colonized a significant portion of present-day Colombia, establishing the New Kingdom of Granada with Santa Fé de Bogotá as its capital. Independence from the Spanish Empire was achieved in 1819, leading to the formation of the United Provinces of New Granada. The nation underwent stages of federalism as the Granadine Confederation (1858) and the United States of Colombia (1863), eventually becoming the Republic of Colombia in 1886. Panama’s secession from Colombia in 1903, supported by the United States and France, resulted in Colombia’s present-day borders.

Starting from the 1960s, Colombia faced an asymmetric low-intensity armed conflict and political violence, intensifying in the 1990s. Since 2005, there has been notable progress in security, stability, rule of law, as well as remarkable economic growth and development. Colombia’s healthcare system is lauded, ranked as the best in the Americas by the World Health Organization and 22nd globally.

Colombia stands as one of the world’s seventeen megadiverse countries, with the highest level of biodiversity per square mile and the second-highest overall. Its landscape encompasses the Amazon rainforest, highlands, grasslands, and deserts. Notably, it’s the only South American country with coastlines and islands along both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

Three Andes Mountain Ranges:

Colombia’s Andes consist of three parallel mountain ranges: the Western, Central, and Eastern Cordilleras. These ranges create a dynamic and varied terrain with lush valleys, high plateaus, and towering peaks.

Coffee Cultural Landscape:

The Coffee Cultural Landscape, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is nestled within the Andes of Colombia. This region is known for its rolling hills covered in coffee plantations, offering a unique backdrop for your photography.

Quaint Colonial Towns:

Colonial towns like Villa de Leyva and Barichara are nestled in the Andean highlands and retain their historical charm. The cobblestone streets, white-washed buildings, and traditional architecture make for compelling photographic subjects.

Indigenous Communities:

Indigenous communities in the Andes of Colombia, such as the Kogi and the Arhuaco, have a rich cultural heritage. Capturing their traditional clothing, rituals, and daily life can provide a unique perspective on the region.

Paramo Ecosystems:

The paramo ecosystem, found at high altitudes, is characterized by unique flora and fauna adapted to cold and wet conditions. The stark landscapes and unusual plant life offer intriguing photographic opportunities.

Colombian Highlands:

The Colombian highlands are a mix of dramatic peaks, lush valleys, and picturesque lakes. Laguna de Guatavita, for example, is a stunning crater lake surrounded by lush greenery.

Cultural Festivals:

Colombian festivals like the Carnival of Blacks and Whites in Pasto and the Flower Festival in Medellín are vibrant events that showcase the country’s diverse culture and traditions.


Colombia’s Andes are a hotspot for biodiversity, home to numerous bird species and other wildlife. The opportunities for birdwatching and nature photography are abundant.

Highland Lakes:

The Andean region of Colombia boasts stunning lakes such as Lake Guatavita and Lake Tota, offering serene settings surrounded by impressive landscapes.

Overall, the Andes Mountains in Colombia offer a blend of natural beauty, cultural richness, and historical significance. The diversity of landscapes, from highland lakes to coffee plantations, combined with the cultural traditions of indigenous communities and colonial towns, makes Colombia a captivating destination for any person who loves photography.